The revised Official Map, now presented for adoption through the enactment of a suitable ordinance, is based upon a newly prepared base map of the Township drawn to a scale of 300 feet to the inch and shows the street pattern as the Planning Board believes it should be eventually. In addition to showing the actually existing public streets, it shows those "paper" streets which should be taken over formally as public streets; existing streets which should be extended; streets which should be widened, straightened, or otherwise changed in their alignment; certain streets which should be abandoned; and various new streets which should be established and eventually constructed.
The map shows also the locations of three proposed bridges over the West Shore Railroad and the locations of many new public parks and playgrounds.
The proposed improvements and additions are so clearly indicated on the Official Map by special designations and symbols and their desirability is so self-evident that a detailed description would be superfluous. The more important of the proposals are described and commented upon in the section of this report dealing with the Master Plan.
In considering the Official Map it must be understood that the municipality will not bear the financial burden of opening and constructing all of the new streets and of making all the street improvements shown on this map; nor is it to be expected that the municipal authorities will immediately undertake the great majority of the improvements indicated. (See Chapter 4.) On the contrary, one of the fundamental purposes of the map is to serve as the basic means whereby the governing body of the Township may legally and definitely establish not only the lines of existing streets and public open spaces, but the lines which should be followed when additional streets or public open spaces are laid down on maps or otherwise established when parcels of land are subdivided.
In order that the Planning Board may be enabled in the future to properly control land subdivision and also in order that the subdivider may have some official pattern to guide him in platting his proposed streets, it is essential that the municipality shall establish some map which shows at least all proposed thoroughfares and major streets as the Official Map. Therefore, this map is presented principally as a basic street pattern to be followed by all future subdividers. It will be the duty of the Planning Board to see that in the future all land subdividers shall harmonize their subdivision plats therewith.
In establishing the new streets shown on this map the Planning Board has confined itself largely to laying down the lines of what it considers to be logical and essential extensions of existing streets. In many cases these extensions take the form of supplying missing links which will convert merely local streets into through streets. New streets are not shown in various areas which have not yet been subdivided, for the reason that the Planning Board considers it best to permit the individual subdivider to lay out future minor streets. The Board will see that such streets accord with the established pattern.
A careful study of the Official Map as revised, of the Master Plan, and of the Existing Conditions Map makes it immediately apparent that the majority of the street extensions and new streets proposed must result eventually from land subdivision without expense to the Township for land takings. In various other cases the provision of new or extended streets not resulting from land subdivision will open up and so enhance the values of abutting properties that the owners should be glad to freely dedicate the lands to the Township. It would be necessary in but a few cases to purchase land for the proposed improvements other than parks.
Neither would it be necessary, if early action is taken, to acquire or disturb any existing building in constructing any recommended street shown on the Official Map, with the exception of a few inexpensive buildings on Teaneck Road. This is true also insofar as the areas set aside for park and playground purposes are concerned.
Another of the main purposes in adopting an Official Map which shows the areas set aside for future streets, parks, and playgrounds is to protect the municipality against the erection of buildings within those areas during the interval between the adoption of the Map and the acquisition of the land, except under such conditions as may be authorized by the Board of Adjustment on application by the owner. In this connection it might be explained that the State Planning Law provides that when street lines are established on an adopted official map no building may be erected between such lines unless application is made to the Board of Adjustment and that Board either recommends to the governing body the cancellation of the street lines on the official map, or grants the applicant permission to construct a building of moderate cost to exist for a limited period.
Precedent to the formulation of this map, investigation was made of any prospective plans of State or County agencies and of adjoining municipalities likely to affect Teaneck. The proposals of the Regional Plan of New York and Environs were also considered.
Although Teaneck's present street system has many shortcomings and defects, the system when completed in accordance with the Official Map will be one of which Teaneck need not be ashamed. Teaneck will then have a good system of minor streets and an excellent system of major thoroughfares, many of which will extend entirely through the town.